Juvenile Recidivism

By December 2024: 50% of juveniles sentenced to probation will not obtain additional charges within Arvada during the probation period

Description:

A crime is any act or omission of an act in violation of a law forbidding or commanding it. Most crimes are defined by statute, and they vary tremendously across different states and counties. The Model Penal Code (MPC) provides a good overview of the most common types of crimes, while the US penal code provides a list of all crimes. 

While specific criminal acts may vary by jurisdiction, they can be broadly characterized  as “felonies” and “misdemeanors.” Felonies include more serious crimes such as, murder or rape, and are usually punishable by imprisonment of a year or more. 

Misdemeanors are less serious offenses and are punishable by less than a year of imprisonment or fines. Municipal offense are seen as less egregious and usually involve a fine or class. Probation in Arvada can be as short as three months and as long as one year. 

Probation and diversion are sentences commonly utilized in the juvenile justice system. The sentencing goals in juvenile justice are to employ evidence-based intervention to rehabilitate the juvenile. If proper evidence-based interventions are utilized, the juvenile should be properly rehabilitated in a manner that they will not re-offend and obtain additional charges within Arvada. 

Significance:

Criminal law addresses the system of legal rules that define what conduct is classified as a crime and how the government may prosecute individuals that commit crimes. Federal, state, and local governments all have penal codes that explain the specific crimes that they prohibit and the punishments that criminals may face. 

Individuals who violate federal, state, and local laws may face fines, probation, or incarceration. Lawsuits against criminals are initiated by prosecuting attorneys who act on behalf of the government to enforce the law.

Sentencing in a juvenile case should be based on the juvenile's risk levels and needs and determining what appropriate interventions need to be made, rather than looking at the offense itself. 

Analysis:

In 2022, the Court team will begin researching ways to track and analyze data with regard to juvenile recidivism within the Arvada Municipal Court.